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Publications & online-datasets

  • Soranno, P.A., K.S. Cheruvelil, K.C. Elliott, and G.M. Montgomery. 2015. It's good to share: Why environmental scientists' ethics are out of date. BioScience 65(1):69-73. Open-access
  • Filstrup, C.T., T. Wagner, P.A. Soranno, E.H. Stanley, C.A. Stow, K.E. Webster, and J.A. Downing. 2014. Regional variability among nonlinear chlorophyll-phosphorus relationships in lakes. Limnology and Oceanography 59(5):1691-1703. PDF
  • Lottig, N.R., T. Wagner. E.N. Henry, K.S. Cheruvelil, K.E. Webster, J.A. Downing, and C.A. Stow. 2014. Long-term citizen-collected data reveal geographical patterns and temporal trends in lake water clarity.
  • Soranno, P.A., and D.S. Schimel. Macrosystems ecology: Big data, big ecology. 2014. Guest editorial in the special issue on Macrosystems Ecology in Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 12(1):3. Open-access
  • Heffernan§, J.B., P.A. Soranno§, M.J. Angilletta, L.B. Buckley, D.S. Gruner, T.H. Keitt, J.R. Kellner, J.S. Kominoski, A.V. Rocha1, J. Xiao, T.K. Harms, S.J. Goring, L.E. Koenig, W.H. McDowell, H. Powell, A.D. Richardson , C.A. Stow, R. Vargas, K.C. Weathers.  2014. Macrosystems ecology: Understanding ecological pattern and process at continental scales. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 12(1):5-14. Open-access  §Contributed equally to the paper
  • Soranno, P.A., K.S. Cheruvelil, E. Bissell, M. Tate Bremigan, J.A. Downing, C.E. Fergus, C. Filstrup, N.R. Lottig, E.N. Henry, E.H. Stanley, C.A. Stow, P.-N. Tan, T. Wagner, K.E. Webster. 2014.  Cross-scale interactions: Quantifying multi-scaled cause-effect relationships in macrosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 12(1):65-73. Open-access

Dataset available from Cheruvelil et al. (2013)

  • Ruegg, J., C. Gries, B. Bond-Lamberty, G.J. Bowen, B.S. Felzer, N.E. McIntyre, P.A. Soranno, K.L. Vanderbilt, K.C. Weathers. 2014. Completing the data life cycle: Using information management in macrosystems ecology research. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 12(1):24-30. Open-access
  • Goring, S., K. Weathers, W.K. Dodds, P.A. Soranno, L. Sweet, K.S. Cheruvelil, J. Kominoski, J. Ruegg, A. Thorn, R. Utz. 2014. Improving the culture of interdisciplinary collaboration in ecology by expanding the measures of success. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 12(1):39-47. Open-access
  • Cheruvelil, K.S., P.A. Soranno, K.C. Weathers, P.C. Hanson, S. Goring, C.T. Filstrup, and E.K. Read. 2014. Creating and maintaining high-performing collaborative research teams: the importance of diversity and interpersonal skills. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 12(1):31-38. Open-access
  • Cheruvelil, K.S., P.A. Soranno, M.T. Bremigan, and K.E. Webster. 2013. Multi-scaled drivers of ecosystem state: Quantifying the importance of the regional spatial scale.  Ecological Applications. 23:1603-1618. PDF

           Data deposited online at Dryad:

Cheruvelil, KS, PA Soranno, KE Webster, and MT Bremigan (2013) Data from: Multi-scaled drivers of ecosystem state: Quantifying the importance of regional spatial scale. Dryad Digital Repository.

  • Kramer, D.B., T. Zhang, K.S. Cheruvelil, A. Ligmann-Zielinska, P.A. Soranno. 2013. A multi-objective, return on investment analysis for freshwater conservation planning. Ecosystems . DOI: 10.1007/s10021-013-9654-3. PDF
  • Zhang, T, PA Soranno, KS Cheruvelil, DB Kramer, MT Bremigan, A Ligmann-Zielinska. 2012. Evaluating the effects of upstream lakes and wetlands on lake phosphorus concentrations using a spatially-explicit model. Landscape Ecology 27:1015-1030. DOI 10.1007/s10980-012-9762-z  PDF
  • Fergus C.E., Soranno P.A., Cheruvelil K.S., Bremigan M.T. 2011. Multi-scale landscape and wetland drivers of lake total phosphorus and water color. Limnology and Oceanography 56(6): 2127-2146. doi:10.4319/lo.2011.56.6.2127. PDF

    Data deposited online at Dryad:

    Fergus C.E., Soranno P.A., Cheruvelil K.S., Bremigan M.T. (2011) Data from: Multi-  scale landscape and wetland drivers of lake total phosphorus and water color. Dryad Digital Repository.

  • Zhang, T. 2011. Distance-decay patterns of annual nutrient loading at waterhsed scale: regression modeling with a spectial aggregation strategy. Journal of Hydrology. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.03.017.
  • Soranno, P.A., T. Wagner, S.L. Martin, C. McLean, L.N. Novitski, C. Provence, and A.R. Rober. 2011. Quantifying regional reference conditions for freshwater ecosystem management: a comparison of approaches and future research needs. Lake and Reservoir Management. 27(2):138-148. Download publication
  • Wagner, T., P.A. Soranno, K.E. Webster, and K.S. Cheruvelil. 2011. Landscape drivers of regional variation in the relationship between total phosphorus and chlorophyll. Freshwater Biology. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2011.02621.x. Download publication


  • Soranno, P.A., K.S. Cheruvelil, K.E. Webster, M.T. Bremigan, T. Wagner and C.A. Stow. Using landscape limnology to classify freshwater ecosystems for multi-ecosystem management and conservation. BioScience 60(6):440-454. Download publication (1,462 KB, PDF)

Dataset available from Cheruvelil et al. (2013)

  • Soranno, P.A., K.E. Webster, K.S. Cheruvelil and M.T. Bremigan. 2009. The lake landscape-context framework: linking aquatic connections, terrestrial features and human effects at multiple spatial scales. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 30(5): 695-700. Download Publication (191 KB, PDF)
  • Stow, C.A., E.C. Lamon, S.S. Qian, P.A. Soranno, K.H. Reckhow. 2009. Hierarchical/Multilevel Approaches for Inference and Prediction Using Cross-Sectional Lake Data. In: Real World Ecology: Large-Scale and Long-Term Case Studies and Methods. Miao, S., S, Carstenn, and M. Nungesser, Eds. Springer, New York. Download publication
  • Bremigan, M.T., P.A. Soranno, M.J. Gonzalez, D.B. Bunnell, K.K. Arend, W.H. Renwick, R.A. Stein, and M.J. Vanni. 2008. Hydrogeomorphic features mediate the effects of land use on reservoir productivity and food webs. Limnology and Oceanography. 53(4):1420-1433. Download Publication (1,431 KB, PDF)

  • Cheruvelil, KS. and P.A. Soranno. 2008. Relationships between lake macrophyte cover and lake and landscape features. Aquatic Botany. 88:219-227. Download Publication (407 KB, PDF)

  • Cheruvelil, K.S., P.A. Soranno, M.T. Bremigan, T. Wagner, and S.L. Martin. 2008. Grouping lakes for water quality assessment and monitoring: the roles of regionalization and spatial scale. Environmental Management. 41: 425-440. Download Publication (550 KB, PDF)

  • Schilling, E.G., C.S. Loftin, K.E. DeGoosh, A.D. Huryn and K.E. Webster. 2008. Predicting the locations of naturally fishless lakes. Freshwater Biology 53:1021-1035.

  • Soranno, P.A., K.S. Cheruvelil, R.J. Stevenson, S.L. Rollins, S.W. Holden, S. Heaton, and E.K. Torng. 2008. A framework for developing ecosystem-specific nutrient criteria: Integrating biological thresholds with predictive modeling. Limnology and Oceanography 53(2):773-787. Download Publication (1,156 KB, PDF)
    • Data deposited online at Dryad:

    Soranno PA, Cheruvelil KS, Stevenson RJ, Rollins SL, Holden SW, Heaton S, Torng E. 2008. Data from: A framework for developing ecosystem-specific nutrient criteria: integrating biological thresholds with predictive modeling. Dryad Digital Repository.

  • Wagner, T., P.A. Soranno, K.S. Cheruvelil, W.H. Renwick, K.E. Webster, P. Vaux, R.J.F. Abbitt. 2008. Quantifying sample biases of inland lake sampling programs in relation to lake surface area and land use/cover. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 141: 131-147. Download Publication (563 KB, PDF)

  • Webster, K.E., P.A. Soranno, K.S. Cheruvelil, M.T. Bremigan, J.A. Downing, P. Vaux, T. Asplund, L.C. Bacon, and J. Connor. 2008. An empirical evaluation of the nutrient color paradigm for lakes. Limnology and Oceanography. 53(3):1137-1148. Download Publication (1,304 KB, PDF)

Dataset available from Cheruvelil et al. (2013)

  • Jensen, O.P., B.J. Benson, J.J. Magnuson, V.M. Card, M.N. Futter, P.A. Soranno, and K.M. Stewart. 2007. Spatial analysis of ice phenology trends across the Laurentian Great Lakes region during a recent warming period. Limnology and Oceanography 52: 2013-2026. Download Publication (3,758 KB, PDF)
  • Rosfjord, C.H, K.E. Webster, J.S. Kahl, S.A. Norton, I.J. Fernandez, and A.T. Herlihy. 2007. Anthropogenically-driven changes in chloride complicate interpretation of base cation trends in lakes recovering from acid deposition. Environ. Sci. Technology. 41:7688-8693.
  • Stedman, R.C., R.C. Lathrop, B. Clark, J. Ejsmont-Karabin, P. Kasprzak, K. Nielsen, D. Osgood, M. Powell, A. Ventela, K.E. Webster, A. Zhukova. 2007. Sense of place and perceived environmental quality in North American and European temperate lake districts. Lake and Reservoir Management 23(4):330-344.
  • Wagner, T., Bremigan, M. T., K.S. Cheruvelil, K., Soranno, P.A., Nate, N.N., and Breck, J.E. 2007. A multilevel modeling approach to assessing regional and local landscape features for lake classification and assessment of fish growth rates. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 130:437-454. Download Publication (361 KB, PDF)
  • Wagner, T., J.R. Bence, M.T. Bremigan, D.B. Hayes, and M.J. Wilberg. 2007. Regional trends in fish mean length at age: components of variance and the power to detect trends. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64:968-978.


  • Martin, S.L. and P.A. Soranno. 2006. Defining lake landscape position: relationships to hydrologic connectivity and landscape features. Limnology and Oceanography. 51: 801-814. Download Publication (294 KB, PDF)
  • Nelson, S.A.C., K.S. Cheruvelil and P.A. Soranno. 2006. Satellite remote sensing of freshwater macrophytes and the influence of water clarity. Aquatic Botany. 85:289-298. Download publication
  • Wagner, T., A.K. Jubar, and M.T. Bremigan. 2006. Can habitat alteration and spring angling explain largemouth bass nest success? Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 135:843-852. Download Publication (162 KB, PDF)
  • Wagner, T., Hayes, D.B. and Bremigan, M.T. 2006. Accounting for multilevel data structures in fisheries data using mixed models. Fisheries 31:180-185.
  • Cheruvelil, K.S., N.A. Nate, P.A. Soranno and M.T. Bremigan. 2005. Lack of a unimodal relationship between fish growth and macrophyte cover in 45 north temperate lakes. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie. 164: 193-215. Download Publication (1,397 KB, PDF)
  • Bruhn, L.C. and P.A. Soranno. 2005. Long term (1974-2001) volunteer monitoring of water clarity trends in Michigan lakes and their relation to ecoregion and land use/cover. Lake and Reservoir Management 21(1):10-23. Download publication

  • Kratz, T.K., S. MacIntyre, and K.E. Webster. 2005. Causes and consequences of spatial heterogeneity in lakes. p. 329-347, In Lovett, G., C. Jones, M.G. Turner, and K. Weathers (eds.). Spatial Heterogeneity and Ecosystem Function. Proceedings of the 10th Cary Conference. Springer-Verlag.

  • Kratz, T.K., K.E. Webster and J.L. Riera. 2005. Making sense of the landscape: geomorphic legacies and the landscape position of lakes. p. 49-66, In Magnuson, J.J., T.K. Kratz and B. Benson (eds) Dynamics of Lakes in the Landscape, Oxford Press.

  • Magnuson, J.J., B.J. Benson, O.P. Jenson, T.B. Clark, V. Card, M.N. Futter, P.A. Soranno, and K.M. Stewart. 2005. Persistence of coherence of ice-off dates for inland lakes across the Laurentian Great Lakes region. Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie. 23:521-527. Download publication

  • Magnuson, J.J., B.J. Benson, T.K. Kratz, D.E. Armstrong, C.J. Bowser, A.C. Colby, T.W. Meinke, P.K. Montz, and K.E. Webster. 2005. Origin, Operation, Evolution, and Challenges. p. 280-324, In Magnuson, J.J., T.K. Kratz and B. Benson (eds) Dynamics of Lakes in the Landscape, Oxford Press.

  • Magnuson, J.J., T.K. Kratz, B.J. Benson, and K.E. Webster. 2005. Coherent dynamics among lakes. p. 89-106, In Magnuson, J.J., T.K. Kratz and B. Benson (eds) Dynamics of Lakes in the Landscape, Oxford Press.

  • Vanni, M.J., Arend, K.K., Bremigan, M.T., Bunnell, D.B., Garvey, J.E., González, M.J., Renwick, W.H., Soranno, P.A., and Stein, R.A. 2005. Linking landscapes and food webs: effects of omnivorous fish and watersheds on reservoir ecosystems. BioScience 55(2):155-167 Download Publication (834 KB, PDF)

  • Webster, K.E., C.J. Bowser, M. Anderson, and J. Lenters. 2005. Understanding the Lake-Groundwater System: Just Follow the Water. p. 19-48, In Magnuson, J.J., T.K. Kratz and B. Benson (eds) Dynamics of Lakes in the Landscape, Oxford Press.

  • Kahl, J.S., J. Stoddard, R. Haeuber, S. Paulsen, R. Birnbaum, F. Deviney, D. DeWalle, C. Driscoll, A. Herlihy, J. Kellogg, P. Murdoch, K. Roy, W. Sharpe, S. Urquhart, R. Webb, and K. Webster, 2004. Response of surface water chemistry to changes in acidic deposition: implications for future amendments to Clean Air Act. Environmental Science and Technology. 38:485-490. (Cover and feature article).


  • Nate, N.A., M. Bozek, M. Hansen, C. Ramm, M.T. Bremigan, and S. Hewett. 2003. Predicting walleye presence from physical and biological features of northern Wisconsin lakes. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 23:1206-1213.
  • Nelson, S.A.C., P.A. Soranno, K.S. Cheruvelil, S.A. Batzli and D.L. Skole. 2003. Regional assessment of lake water clarity using satellite remote sensing. Journal of Limnology 62 (Suppl. 1):27-32. Download publication
  • Walsh, S.E., P.A. Soranno and D.T. Rutledge. 2003. Lakes, wetlands and streams as predictors of land use/cover distribution. Environmental Management 31(2):198-214. Download Publication (2,103 KB, PDF)


  • Nelson, S.A.C., P.A. Soranno and J. Qi. 2002. Land-cover change in Upper Barataria Basin estuary, Louisiana, 1972-1992: Increases in wetland area. Environmental Management 29(5):716-727. Download publication
  • Seelbach, P.W., M.J. Wiley, P.A. Soranno and M.T. Bremigan. 2002. Aquatic conservation planning: using landscape maps to predict ecological reference conditions for specific waters. In K. Gutzwiller, [ed], Concepts and Applications of Landscape Ecology in Biological Conservation. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY. Download Publication (868 KB, PDF)
  • Turner, M.G., T.R. Crow, J. Liu, D. Rabe, C.F. Rabeni, P.A. Soranno, W.W. Taylor, K. Vogt, and J.A. Wiens. 2002. Bridging the gap between landscape ecology and natural resource management, in J. Liu and W.W. Tayler, [eds], Integrating Landscape Ecology into Natural Resource Management. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.


  • Baines, S.B., K.E. Webster, T.K. Kratz, S.R. Carpenter, and J.J. Magnuson. 2000. Synchronous behavior of temperature, calcium and chlorophyll in lakes of northern Wisconsin. Ecology 81:815-825.
  • Riera, J.L., J.J. Magnuson, T.K. Kratz and K.E. Webster. 2000. A geomorphic template for the analysis of lake districts applied to the Northern Highland Lake District, Wisconsin, USA. Freshwater Biology 43:301-318.
  • Webster, K.E, P.A. Soranno, S.B. Baines, T.K. Kratz, C.J. Bowser, P.J. Dillon, P. Campbell, E.J. Fee, R.E. Hecky. 2000. Structuring features of lake districts: Geomorphic and landscape controls on lake chemical responses to drought. Freshwater Biology 43:499-515. Download Publication (779 KB, PDF)


  • Soranno, P.A., K.E. Webster, J.L. Riera, T.K. Kratz, J.S. Baron, P. Bukaveckas, G.W. Kling, D. White, N. Caine, R.C. Lathrop and P.R. Leavitt. 1999. Spatial variation among lakes within landscapes: Ecological organization along lake chains. Ecosystems 2:395-410. Download publication
  • Stoddard, J.L., D.S. Jeffries, A. Lukewille, T.A. Clair, P.J. Dillon, C.T. Driscoll, M. Forsius, M. Johannessen, J.S. Kahl, J.H. Kellogg, A. Kemp, J. Mannio, D. Monteith, P.S. Murdoch, S. Patrick, A. Rebsdorf, B.L. Skjelkvale, M.P. Stainton, T. Traaen, H. van Dam, K.E. Webster, J. Wieting, and A. Wilander. 1999. Regional trends in aquatic recovery from acidification in North America and Europe 1980-95. Nature 401:575-578.


  • Stow, C.A., S.R. Carpenter, K.E. Webster, and T.M. Frost. 1998. Long-term environmental monitoring: some perspectives from lakes. Ecol. Appl. 8:269-276.


  • Kratz, T.K., K.E. Webster, C.J. Bowser, J.J. Magnuson, and B.J. Benson. 1997. The influence of landscape position on lakes in northern Wisconsin. Freshwater Biology 37:209-217.
  • Magnuson, J.J., K.E. Webster, R.A. Assel, C.J. Bowser, P.J. Dillon, J.G. Eaton, H.E. Evans, E.J. Fee, R.I. Hall, L.R. Mortsch, F.H. Quinn and D.W. Schindler. 1997. Potential effects of climate changes on aquatic systems: Laurentian Great Lakes and Precambrian Shield Region. Hydrol. Proc. 11:825-872.


  • Soranno, P.A., Hubler, S.L., Carpenter, S.R., and R.C. Lathrop. 1996. Phosphorus loads to surface waters: a simple model to account for spatial pattern of land use. Ecol. Appl. 6:865-878. Download Publication (7,200 KB, PDF)
  • Webster, K.E., T.K. Kratz, C.J. Bowser, J.J. Magnuson, and W.J. Rose. 1996. The influence of landscape position on lake chemical responses to drought in northern Wisconsin, USA. Limnol. Oceanogr. 41:977-984.


  • Krabbenhoft, D.P., and K.E. Webster. 1995. Transient hydrogeological controls on the chemistry of a seepage lake. Water Resources Research. 31:2295-2305.
  • Webster, K.E. and P.L. Brezonik. 1995. Climate confounds detection of chemical trends related to acid deposition in Upper Midwest lakes in the USA. Water Air Soil Pollution 85:1575-1580.
  • Wentz, D.A., W.J. Rose, and K.E. Webster. 1995. Long-term hydrologic and biogeochemical responses of a soft water seepage lake in north central Wisconsin. Water Resources Research. 31:199-212.
  • Webster, K.E., P.L. Brezonik, and B.J. Holdhusen. 1993. Temporal trends in low alkalinity lakes in the Upper Midwest: the influence of climate and deposition factors. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. 67:397-414.

  • Webster, K.E., A.D. Newell, L.A. Baker, and P.L Brezonik. 1990. Climatically induced rapid acidification of a softwater seepage lake. Nature. 6291:374-376.

  • Eilers, J.M., G.E. Glass, K.E. Webster, and J.A. Rogalla. 1983. Hydrologic control of lake susceptibility to acidification. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 40:1896-1904.